Gout is a general term for many types of conditions caused due to increase of URIC ACID in the body. This mainly affects your feet and can also develop in any type of joint. Many people are facing this problem i.e. suffering from this and nowadays it has become a very big disease. Even, this pain can occur anytime which results in redness of area.
If you have gout problem, then you may feel minor or major pain in your joint area or in your feet, also the area gets swollen.
WHAT IS GOUT?
Gout is very painful form of inflammatory arthritis that occurs in any joint of the body, gout occurs mainly in the feet (maximum people suffer through this).
It occurs due to high level of uric acid in the body i.e. called hyperuricemia, due to which the part gets swollen, and it’s painful due to tenderness.
CAUSES OF GOUT IN KNEES
The main cause of the gout is increased level of uric acid in your blood. The increased level of uric acid in your blood from the breakdown of purines causes’ gout. Sometimes, metabolism, dehydration makes your body results in high level of uric acid. A person who is suffering from kidney or thyroid problem will not be able to get cured from uric acid i.e. (chances get lower).
- Gout can also occur in middle-aged men
- drinking alcohol
- Gout can also occur due to high blood pressure,
SYMPTOMS OF GOUT IN KNEES
As, the main symptom of the knee gout is pain and discomfort near the area of gout. The pain is unpredictable and it affects our joints a lot. You can’t even get to know about it in weeks or months as no symptoms will be seen, only one symptom that can be noticed by you is at the time of waking up you may feel like burning pain in your knee or feet; and people think that it may happen due to tiredness. Due to this, the gout will increase day by day.
But in some cases, gout may start in your toes before moving on to other areas, like your knees.
Other symptoms you also feel from gout in knees include:
- warmth (to the touch)
- limited range of motion
WHO GET AFFECTED BY GOUT IN KNEES?
As according to study, it has been found that men suffer more than women from gout. The chances of having gout is due to aging, with a peak age of 75.
HOW GOUT IN KNEES CAN BE PREVENTED?
As everyone say to drink a lot of water to maintain your body or to get safe from many diseases; so to prevent gout always maintain adequate amount of fluid intake which help in decreasing the chances of occurring of gout and it also helps people to get safe from kidney stones to those people who are suffering from gout.
HOW GOUT CAN BE DIAGNOSED?
When you are having symptoms, go and see a doctor when it is swelled, redness, and more other symptoms. At that time doctor will always ask you about your daily diet, about family if they have suffered from the same disease or also ask for medication you are taking.
A test is done to check your uric acid level, but sometimes in rare cases uric acid level does not increase but still that person can have gout. In that case, doctor can ask you to go for other tests like MRI, CT SCAN, X-RAY.
TREATEMENT OR CURE OF GOUT:
As we all know that gout cannot be cured, but there are some types of meditation or home remedies which surely can help you to lower your pain or somewhere it helps to reduce some flairs.
Medications that can help reduce pain from a gout flare-up in your knee include:
- over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), such as ibuprofen (Advil)
- prescription-strength NSAIDS, such as (Celebrex) or indomethacin (Indocin)
- corticosteroids, which may be taken orally or injected into your knee joint to help ease pain and inflammation
- colchicine, a pain reliever that targets gout pain but can sometimes cause nausea and other side effects
Your doctor might also prescribe a low daily dose of colchicine to reduce your risk of future flare-ups.
- Drink plenty of water
- Apply ice to the area which is affected
- No stress
- Drink lemon water: as according to research, it has been found that drinking of lemon with water helps to neutralize the uric acid.
- Less intake of alcohol: as it increases the risk of gout.
- Try to avoid intake of high protein
- Eat cherries
3.SURGICAL OPTION FOR SEVERE GOUT:
As the pain increases and it becomes frustrating for you as no treatment is working. It can cause permanent damage to your joint area. Therefore, lumps of uric acid will be formed which is called tophi, although they is not so much painful but can cause additional swelling. Then, the surgical procedures will make you feel better soon.
New drugs are being developed that may be more applicable and safe for treatment of this high level of uric acid in patients. Maintaining a healthy weight and exercising regularly can also help a person manage their condition. If a person’s gout do not improve after 48 hours, they should call their doctor to take further treatment.