We know about certain diseases and now, keeping in my mind about the current situation, it has become even more essential to know not only about all the diseases but also about how they are treated, and what precautions should be taken to avoid them. This information is of utmost importance.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes comes under metabolic diseases, also known as Diabetes Mellitus. Due to high blood sugar in our body that we are most likely to suffer from this disease.
Whenever we read or hear the term Diabetes, we instantly connect to a word called Insulin. Not many of you are aware of what it is. Insulin is the hormone in our body that helps in regulating the blood sugar levels. Firstly, it regulates the metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates, this is carried out by the absorption of glucose from the blood. Sugar is moved from the blood into the cells, then it is stored there or can be used for energy.
Now, what happens when you have diabetes?
Enough insulin is not produced in our body and if produced it is not used efficiently by our body in regulating blood sugar levels.
Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is of two types:
Type 1 Diabetes is a chronic condition in which our pancreas does not produce insulin or produces very less amount of insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic condition (milder than type 1) in which our body does not use insulin efficiently, that means, the way our body processes blood sugar is affected.
More about Type 2 Diabetes
This article aims towards focusing more on type 2 diabetes, as this is the most common type among the two, and most people who are prediabetic are likely to suffer from type 2 than type 1. This has been noted by several research studies and statistical reports.
Many researchers and doctors have studied this condition. According to the studies it can be said that more and more people are going to get diagnosed with this condition, a rise in statistics is likely to be expected.
If our diet includes high saturated fats, carbohydrates, and refined sugar then that should be avoided as it is considered the primary factor. Type 2 Diabetes is when the way our body metabolizes glucose is affected. Glucose is nothing but sugar that is considered as a main source of energy. Talking about Insulin, a power-packed hormone that is produced by the pancreas, its effects are resisted by our body in this condition. The pancreas is the organ that is responsible for the entry of sugar into our body cells.
Our diet plays a major role in maintaining our overall health. It is not that we have to stop eating all the food we like, but eating in an appropriate amount and taking care of our physical health by exercise and proper diet is important. If we let go of ourselves by consuming too much sugar then that will possibly lead to obesity, a crucial risk factor for this condition.
Key Role of Valuable Organisms in Treating Type 2 Diabetes
Research studies have been conducted to know more about the key role of valuable organisms in treating type 2 diabetes. It can get difficult for you to understand their research studies, making it easier for you to understand, I would like to put it in a much simpler form.
According to the research studies, a method was adopted, an experiment was performed that included rodents. The whole procedure was carried out step by step. Firstly, they found a link between microbes in our body and how our diet is related to it. Then four taxonomic units were identified, that affected glucose metabolism. These identified units were then paralleled with bacterial organism species: Lactobacillus johnsonii, Lactobacillus gasseri, Romboutsia ilealis, and Ruminococcus gnavus.
From these four identified organisms, the two lactobacillus species proved beneficial in improving glucose metabolism while the other two did not, instead, they proved to worsen the metabolism. This indicates that individual microbes and their interactions have an important role to play in this chronic condition.
Coming to the experiment conducted on the rodents, they were fed with high saturated fats and refined sugars along with this diet two microbes were added to their intake, one being the organism that proved beneficial and the second microbe being the organism that worsened the metabolism. The results showed that lactobacillus increased mitochondrial health in the liver, which means an improvement in the metabolism of glucose and lipids.
Later when results of earlier studies conducted on humans were compared with this recent study of rodents, the researchers found correlations between them. Lactobacillus organism improved body mass index and the other microbes proved to be less healthy resulting in unhealthy BMI.
Lactobacillus is a microbial organism containing hundreds of various bacterial strains. These can be found in types of fermented foods and dairy products and can work as potential probiotic supplements.
According to the research, these organisms play a key role in treating obesity, maintaining our diet, which certainly helps in treating Type 2 Diabetes.