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How to Vote in India: Eligibility, Voter ID card, List of Documents, Voting Rights and Much More

How to Vote in India

1.How to register to vote?

I.General Voter – Any Indian citizen living within the country, who has achieved the age of 18, can register himself/herself as General Voter.

II.Fill Form 6 online at https://www.nvsp.in/. Copies of necessary documents should also be uploaded (list of documents provided below).

2.How to test if you are listed to vote?

Visit https://electoralsearch.in/ to discover if you are enrolled to vote. If your name appears in the directory, you are qualified to vote, oppositely, you are required to register at https://www.nvsp.in/.

3.Prerequisites for registering to vote:

You can register as a Voter if you:

  • are an Indian citizen.
  • have achieved the age of 18 years on the qualifying date i.e. 1st of January of the year of emendation of electoral roll.
  • are ordinarily citizen of the part/polling area of the district where you like to be enrolled.
  • are not disqualified to be enrolled as an elector.  

4.How to register offline

  • You can also register Fill Form 6 in two papers. Form 6 is also accessible without any cost in offices of Electoral Registration Officers / Assistant Electoral Registration Officers and Booth Level Officers.
  • The application supported by copies of the appropriate documents can be documented in person before the concerned Electoral Registration Officer / Assistant Electoral Registration Officer or delivered by post addressed to him or can be delivered to the Booth Level Officer of your polling area.
  • Call 1950 for any kind queries.

5.Voting Rights of an Indian Citizen

The Sixty-first Amendment of the Constitution of India, officially known as The Constitution (Sixty-first Amendment) Act, 1988, dropped off the voting age of elections to the Lok Sabha and the Legislative Assemblies of States from 21 years to 18 years. This was executed by revising Article 326 of the Constitution, which pertains to elections to the Lok Sabha and the Assemblies.

The full text of Article 326 of the Constitution, after the 61st Amendment, is given below:

  1. The elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assembly of every State shall be on the basis of adult suffrage; that is to say, every person who is a citizen of India and who is not less than [eighteen years] of age on such date as may be fixed in that behalf by or under any law made by the appropriate Legislature and is not otherwise disqualified under this Constitution or any law made by the appropriate Legislature on the ground of non-residence, unsoundness of mind, crime or corrupt or illegal practice, shall be entitled to be registered as a voter at any such election.

6.Steps for Voter ID card registration

A.Voter ID online registration for resident citizens:

  • Visit: https://www.nvsp.in/
  • Click on Apply online for enrolment of a new voter; this will veer around you to Form 6.
  • Select your State and your Assembly/Parliamentary Constituency.
  • Enter your details that include:
    • Name
    • Age and Date of birth
    • Address
    • Details of family members who are already enrolled.
  • Any field marked red is a mandatory field and has to be filled in.
  • You can then upload the required documents.
  • Enter your place and date of filling in the form.
  • After you’ve completed your form, you can click on Submit.

B.Post Submission Procedure:

  • The Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) will broadcast your form on their notification board asking for any grievances. In case there is disapproval it expects to be made in a After this interval, your name will be added to the electoral roll.
  • If an individual does challenge, the ERO will keep up a hearing in which both the applicant and the objector may posit their case.
  • Verification of your inclusion in the Electoral roll will be delivered via SMS on the registered number or by post.
  • Electoral Rolls can be glimpsed on the state’s Chief Electoral Officer’s website.

7.Documents required for Voter ID online registration

A.Address Proof:

  • Utility Bills
  • Latest bank statement
  • PAN Card
  • Passport copy
  • Driving License
  • Government-issued service card
  • Public sector bank passbook
  • Rental/ Lease Agreement or Property Document with deed and photograph
  • Arm’s License
  • SC/ ST/ OBC official document
  • Railway Identity card
  • Student Identity Card
  • Document for Physical Handicap
  • Freedom fighter identity card
  • Pension Document etc.

B.Age proof:

  • SSLC Certificate
  • Birth Certificate
  • Driving License
  • any other suitable document that specifies your age.

C.Two recent passport-sized photographs:

  • The photo should be taken in less than six months before submission.

8.Missteps to avoid while signup of Voter ID online

A few elements to be cautious of while Voter ID Card online registration, are:

  • Be certain that you are wielding the appropriate form to register for a Voter ID:
  • Form 6- for first-time voters
  • Form 7 – to object an application for inclusion on the electoral roll
  • Form 8 – for correction of details on an existing voter ID
  • Form 8-A -cor changing address within the same constituency
  • You have to confirm all the relevant documents have been submitted along with your enrolment to make certain that all the details given by you are valid and exact.

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Written by Ritik Gupta

His name is Ritik Gupta; currently pursuing law. He has always kept pride as his everything. He deems writing as not like any other hobby but a reflection of one’s intellectuality. He likes to research on the parasitic problems and then lay them down in such a means that can be of assistance to the society. He just not studies law but treats it a controversial weapon to defeat the wrong.

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